The word 'slavery' is such a powerful vortex of images, meanings, cries, and grief to me. Any technical discussion of any type of forced labor or corvee becomes immediately inflamed when the word 'slavery' is attached to it, and I suspect that many others share this association.
Posted on April 8, by Scott Alexander I.
Admitting a bias is the first step to overcoming it, so I’ll admit it: I have a huge bias against growth mindset. (if you’re not familiar with it, growth mindset is the belief that people who believe ability doesn’t matter and only effort determines success are more resilient, skillful, hard. Tsadeq Hagos, the Ethiopian State Minister for communication stated that security forces clashed with a the Benshangul rebel organization killing 13 rebels. The clashes happened near Assosa in the Benshangul region, close to the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). The region around the dam is a secure area where access by land or air is . and mine eye hath seen his desire upon mine enemies.
I have a huge bias against growth mindset. More on Wikipedia here. Social psychology has been, um, very enthusiastic about denying that result. If all growth mindset did was continue to deny it, then it would be unexceptional.
But growth mindset goes further. People who believe that anyone can succeed if they try hard enough will be successful, well-adjusted, and treat life as a series of challenging adventures.
It is right smack in the middle of a bunch of fields that have all started seeming a little dubious recently. Most of the growth mindset experiments have used priming to get people in an effort-focused or an ability-focused state of mind, but recent priming experiments have famously failed to replicate and cast doubt on the entire field.
And growth mindset has an obvious relationship to stereotype threat, which has also started seeming very shaky recently. So I have every reason to be both suspicious of and negatively disposed toward growth mindset. Which makes it appalling that the studies are so damn good.
Consider Dweck and Muellerone of the key studies in the area. First they did some easy ones and universally succeeded. The researchers praised them as follows: All children were told that they had performed well on this problem set: You got [number of problems] right.
Some children were praised for their ability after the initial positive feedback: This is a nothing intervention, the tiniest ghost of an intervention. The experiment had previously involved all sorts of complicated directions and tasks, I get the impression they were in the lab for at least a half hour, and the experimental intervention is changing three short words in the middle of a sentence.
Children in the intelligence condition were much less likely to persevere on a difficult task than children in the effort condition 3. This was repeated in a bunch of subsequent studies by the same team among white students, black students, Hispanic students…you probably still get the picture.
Then she gave all of them impossible problems and watched them squirm — or, more formally, tested how long the two groups continued working on them effectively. She found extremely strong results — of the 30 subjects in each group, 11 of the mastery-oriented tried harder after failure, compared to 0 helpless.
This study is really weird. Either something is really wrong here, or this one little test that separates mastery-oriented from helpless children constantly produces the strongest effects in all of psychology and is never wrong. None of them ever expressed a positive statement about their own progress, while over two-thirds of the children who thought effort was more important did.
And a meta-analysis of all growth mindset studies finds more modest, but still consistent, effects, and only a little bit of publication bias.Act and Rule Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is one of the best known and most influential moral theories.
Like other forms of consequentialism, its core idea is that whether actions are morally right or wrong depends on their initiativeblog.com specifically, the only effects of actions that are relevant are the good and bad results that they produce.
'Famine, Affluence, and Morality', by Peter Singer. As I write this, in November , people are dying in East Bengal from lack of food, shelter, and medical care.
I. Admitting a bias is the first step to overcoming it, so I’ll admit it: I have a huge bias against growth mindset.
(if you’re not familiar with it, growth mindset is the belief that people who believe ability doesn’t matter and only effort determines success are more resilient, skillful, hard-working, perseverant in the face of failure, and better-in-a-bunch . 'Famine, Affluence, and Morality', by Peter Singer.
As I write this, in November , people are dying in East Bengal from lack of food, shelter, and medical care. Founded in , University of California Press, Journals and Digital Publishing Division, disseminates scholarship of enduring value.
One of the largest, most distinguished, and innovative of the university presses today, its collection of print and online journals spans topics in the humanities and social sciences, with concentrations in sociology, musicology, history, religion, cultural and.
1 After these things Jesus showed himself again to the disciples at the sea of Tibe'ri-as; and on this wise showed he himself. 2 There were together Simon Peter, and Thomas called Did'ymus, and Nathan'a-el of Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zeb'edee, and two other of his disciples.
3 Simon Peter.