URL or DOI for some online sources How to create footnotes and endnotes for Chicago Style Chicago's Notes and Bibliography formatting requires writers to use footnotes and endnotes when using in-text citations. These footnotes and endnotes acknowledge the different sources used in the work.
Directly Quoting Summarizing Paraphrase "Which option you should choose depends on how much of a source you are using, how you are using it, and what kind of paper you are writing, since different fields use sources in different ways.
When to Quote, Paraphrase, or Summarize a Source.
WHAT IS A PARAPHRASE: "A paraphrase is a detailed restatement in your own words of a written or sometimes spoken source material. Apart from the changes in organization, wording, and sentence structure, the paraphrase should be nearly identical in meaning to the original passage. Please note that while these resources reflect the most recent updates in the 17 th edition of The Chicago Manual of Style concerning documentation practices, you can review a full list of updates concerning usage, technology, professional practice, etc. at The Chicago Manual of Style Online. For more examples, see 1 5. 40 – 45 in The Chicago Manual of Style.. Chapter or other part of an edited book. In the reference list, include the page range for the chapter or part. In the text, cite specific pages.
They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. If summarizing or paraphrasing cannot capture the essence or meaning of the text To retain a specific or unique phrasing used by the source's author If you are analyzing the text itself often in English or language classes BE ADVISED: Most of the time when you cite a source, you want to summarize or paraphrase.
Direct quotations should be used sparingly when the situation meets the criteria above. When you do use direct quotations: Do not take the quote out of context. The author's meaning should not change. Be sure to integrate multiple sources within your text.
You don't want to have a paper or a passage that seems to have come only from one source, with little original text from you. Use transitions to make sure your quote adds to your paper without interrupting its flow. Place quotation marks around the entire word-for-word passage, whether it's a phrase or a sentence.
|Notes and Bibliography or Author-Date?||Kurland and Lernerchap.|
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|Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide||Make sure that titles in APA citations are properly capitalized.|
|Chicago Format: How to use notes and in-text citations||Footnotes or endnotes acknowledge which parts of their paper reference particular sources.|
Attribute with an in-text citation; most citation styles request that you provide a page or paragraph number when directly citing. If your quotation is longer, check with your citation style guide to see if additional formatting is necessary block quotations, for example.
Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the source material. Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing "Similar to paraphrasing, summarizing involves using your own words and writing style to express another author's ideas.
Unlike the paraphrase, which presents important details, the summary presents only the most important ideas of the passage. You should not be using any word-for-word quotations or language unique to the source, so you do NOT need quotation marks around your summary.MLA (Modern Language Association) style for documentation is widely used in the humanities, especially in writing on language and literature.
MLA style features brief parenthetical citations in the text keyed to an alphabetical list of works cited that appears at the end of the work. Creating In-Text Citations Based on the Rules of Chicago Manual of Style by Brian Scott Citing sources thoroughly and accurately is necessary to avoid any instances of (accidental) plagiarism or using facts and quotes as your own.
Chicago/Turabian Basics: Footnotes Why We Use Footnotes The style of Chicago/Turabian we use requires footnotes rather than in-text or parenthetical citations.
Footnotes or endnotes acknowledge which parts of their paper reference particular sources. Generally, you want to provide the author’s name, publication title, publication information, date of publication, [ ].
Style guide for in-text citations in APA style. In-Text Citations. In-text citations are required when you use someone else's ideas, theories or research in your paper. Chicago/Turabian Basics: Notes Why we include in-text citations and notes Researchers include brief citations in their writing to acknowledge references to other people’s work.
Generally, Chicago uses either footnotes or endnotes (or both) to give credit in text. The example paragraph below demonstrates how to integrate Harvard references into your writing, and how to format a Harvard style reference list.