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Nielsen Co, an average American child watches the television for about four hours a day. This translates to over two months of watching TV in a year.
However, it should be noted that, most of these programs being aired are extremely violent. An analysis of the effects of the violence on children and young adults has revealed that these programs have more negative effects than positive ones.
There are a number of studies that have been carried out and they all point out a number of factors. Firstly, children end up imitating the violence they see on television.
Secondly, they usually identify with some characters and become immune to violence. Lastly, the children eventually accept violence as a problem solver. Television violence and its effects on viewers has been a heated debate for quite a long time.
The term violence refers to deliberate actions which can cause harm to individuals, animals, or non-living things.
Violence is always associated with aggression. There have been a number of researches into the relationship between the viewing of violent scenes and aggressive behaviour by the viewers of such material, especially children.
Therefore, we should ask ourselves a very important question.
How does television violence affect our children and does it inspire them to be violent? After some study, UNESCO found out that close to 93 percent of children in most parts of the world watch television an average of three hours a day. This is more than half the time spent on any other activity done out of school.
This proves the fact that the television is the most influential medium in the lives of most children in the world today. The study also revealed that television exposes children to violent scenes on a daily basis.
Recent research has also suggested that young children watch a lot of television and end up becoming bullies.
The increasingly violent nature of cartoons is blamed for this trend. Therefore, parents should be made to understand that a television show or movie made for children is not automatically good for them.
Children who have problems controlling their behaviors, emotions, or impulses are likely to be influenced by violent programs. The impact may be felt immediately or may come out years later. Children at different ages watch and react to television scenes differently. Infants, for example, can easily imitate behavior from the television if it is simple and instructional.
However, they only pay attention to the TV when it is on.TV violence and children has become a hot topic -- studies show that extensive viewing of television violence may cause anxiety in children and possibly make children more aggressive.
Hundreds of studies of the effects of TV violence on children and teenagers have found that children may: become "immune" or numb to the horror of violence. begin to accept violence as a way to solve problems. imitate the violence they observe on television; and. identify with certain.
TELEVISION. Television has the potential to generate both positive and negative effects, and many studies have looked at the impact of television on society, particularly on children and adolescents (1,2).An individual child’s developmental level is a critical factor in determining whether the medium will have positive or negative effects.
Excessive and unsupervised television viewing can have negative effects on kids. While the American Academy of Pediatrics, or AAP, recommends that children older than 2 only watch one to two hours of quality programming a day, the average 8- toyear-old kid watches four hours of TV a day.
Critics of video games claim that watching violent television is less detrimental due to the children not physically playing out the violence.
Research has also shown heavy viewers, which is four or more hours a day, put in less effort at school, have poorer reading skills, play less friendly with friends, have fewer hobbies and activities, and are more likely to be overweight.
"You turn on the television, and violence is there. You go to a movie, and violence is there." The study queried children and their peers as well as teachers on aggressive behaviors and violent media consumption twice during a school year.
Bushman BJ. Reassessing media violence effects using a risk and resilience approach to.